The width of drains is affected by factors like flow of water, percentage, slope and structure of the ground etc. There should be average technical knowledge. The development of lightweight pipe with quick couplers resulted in a rapid increase in sprinkler irrigation after World War II. The required conditions are a permeable soil in the root zone, underlain by an impermeable horizon or a high water table. 5. PLAY. 5. Methods of Irrigation Under gravity irrigation, water is distributed by means of open canals and conducts with out pressure. These strips are constructed according to the slope. methods have changed significantly depending upon the characteristics of physical environment, technological know-how and socio-cultural practices. Primitive or Simple Subsistence Farming 2. Working System of Sprinkler Irrigation Method: Due to different surface levels, location of tube wells and size of farm lands are different, hence sprinkler irrigation method has not been considered as a suitable method in all cases. Typically it consists of a long, tapering, nearly horizontal pole mounted like a seesaw. 4. In spite of the above defects, sprinkler irrigation method is being adopted with great speed due to increasing water crisis. Sprinkler irription method is an easy and simple method of irrigation in present times. The direct transplant of inappropriate farming methods is widely considered responsible for the environmental degradation of Iceland and, to a lesser degree, Greenland. Irrigation is the the controlled application of water for agricultural purposes through manmade systems to supply water requirements not satisfied by rainfall. An important advantage of the furrow method is that only 0.2 to 0.5 as much surface area is wetted during irrigation as compared with flooding methods of irrigation. Sprinkler irrigation method cannot be used in all crops. ‘Dhora’ is of two types, one is the main ‘Dhora’ and the other ‘Dhora’ is connected to basins. It is helpful in soil conservation and stabilization of sand dunes in desert areas. That’s why it’s important to understand the different types of irrigation systems. Spacing of furrows is determined by the proper spacing of the plants. The string str is a primitive. So in this presentation, we are going to discuss about the differences in the modern farming methods in comparison with old methods. The … What are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments on pea plant? Cultivation in saline and alkaline soil also can be done by this method of irrigation. Following are disadvantages of check basin method: 1. Furrow irrigation is adapted to lands of irregular topography. Modern - tube wells , canals, multi purpose projects . Flooding method of irrigation is in use since centuries. At present, in different parts of India, the following farming systems are practised. Types of Irrigation Techniques and Methods in India. In this method, weeds do not spread because water reaches only near plants and does not spread in the whole field. Flooding from field ditches is often adaptable to lands with topography too irregular for other flooding methods. Furthermore, no water is wasted in this method. The Importance of Guard and Hand Rails In Industrial Workplace Safety, Precast Concrete: Its Types, Advantages, Manufacturing, Non-Ferrous Metals; Types, Uses, Properties [Complete Guide]. 4. It is impossible to get completely uniform distribution of water around a sprinkler head, and spacing of the heads must be planned to overlap spray areas so that distribution is essentially uniform. Tube-well Irrigation. In sprinkler irrigation method, water is taken from source to the fields through pipes, whereas in surface irrigation methods only 30-45 per cent water reaches the crops. In this irrigation system, a small amount of water is applied at frequent intervals in the form of water droplets through perforations in plastic pipes or through nozzles attached to tubes spread over the soil to irrigate a limited area around the plant. Farming varies from subsistence to commercial type. Hence, sprinkler irrigation method is more suited to sandy soils. A skin or bucket is hung on a rope from the long end, and a Machines cannot be used m this method because during spray of insecticides or fertilizers, the earthen walls of basins are damaged. 6. It saves time. Initial expenditure is 55-60 per cent whereas maintenance expenditure ranges between 40-45 per cent. It is possible to irrigate more area at a lesser expenditure. Share Your PPT File. Primitive method of irrigation in Tunisia (2). 2. Usually, a family or the local community of Indian farmers are engaged in this farming method who use the output for their own consumption. Under ideal conditions, the ditch spacing and flow rate should be such that the water will just infiltrate in the time it is flowing across the field. This system of irrigation is established on the basis of type of crop, distance between plants, requirement of water for crops and distance of water source from the field. 3. IRRIGATION METHODS AND DESIGNS 3.1 IRRIGATION METHODS a) Surface Irrigation: Just flooding water. Content Guidelines 2. Flooding method consists in applying the water by flooding the land of rather smooth and flat topography. The tribal farmers of Arunachal Pradesh practised a primitive form of drip irrigation system using a slender bamboo as the conduit for water flow. Newcomers will have a lot of questions about what irrigation method is right for them, and even seasoned farmers and gardeners can make mistakes from time to time. Among all the irrigation methods, the drip irrigation is the most efficient and it can be practised in a large variety of crops, especially in vegetables, orchard crops, flowers and plantation crops. the advantages of new irrigation method are as follows: 1. optimum use of water thus reducing water losses to high extent. 2. 3. Let us have a look at different types of irrigation and the methods used for irrigation. 3. 1. We intend to apply IOT in agriculture specially in Indian Farming as India still tends to use primitive methods of farming which are quite inefficient and require a lot of man-power. If your water is clear, you can just purify it. It is usually waste of water, and unless the land is naturally smooth, the resulting irrigation will be quite uneven. 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